Geographically speaking, Australia is a fairly diversified nation, and as a result, it is a popular destination for tourists. Here is some information on Australia in case you’ve been giving any thought to travelling to the land down under.
A General Introduction to Australia for Tourists
Only Australia may claim to be on its own continent, making it the only nation in the world to be able to make such a claim. It has a surface area of nearly 3 million square miles and is comparable in size to the United States’s continental portion.
Although Canberra is the nation’s capital, Sydney, with over 4.2 million residents, is by far the largest metropolis. The interior of Australia has a climate that is quite arid, whereas the coastal regions have a climate that is more moderate. Due to the extremely high temperatures found inland, the majority of the population centres are located around the shore.
Aboriginal peoples were the first inhabitants of what is now known as Australia. In the year 1770, Captain Cook staked Great Britain’s claim to the area. The year 1788 marks the beginning of European settlement in what is now known as New South Wales. The majority of the colonists were British prisoners who were sent to the new land. After the discovery of gold not long after, Australia quickly became a popular location for people seeking a fresh start and the possibility of financial success.
One of the most incredible places on earth may be found on the most remote part of Australia’s northern coast. The Great Barrier Reef is a paradise for anyone who are passionate about water. The reef is known all over the world as a diver’s paradise due to the wonderful plant life that can be found there. Due to the presence of the Great White Shark in the vicinity, it is important to keep a vigilant eye out.
The Commonwealth includes Australia as a member. The federal authorities are organised in a way that is similar to how they are organised in the United States, however there is no bill of rights. The separate territories, in contrast to the United States, maintain a large amount of control over their own internal affairs.
The inhabitants of Australia are referred to as “Australians.” A little more than 25 million people currently call this country home, and that number is increasing at a pace of 1.1 percent per year. Ninety-two percent of Australians are of European descent, while six per cent are of Asian descent and two per cent are of Aboriginal descent. There is no one dominant religion in Australia; however, 27 per cent of the population identifies as Roman Catholic. The average life expectancy for a male is 78 years, while a female may expect to live to be 83. Literacy rates are shockingly low, coming in at only 85 per cent.
In the past, Australia was frequently regarded as a forgotten country. This categorisation was revised as a result of long-distance transit. It is now consistently regarded as one of the most popular tourist locations worldwide.